Botanists study all forms of plant life.
Salary range: £22,000 to 355,000
How to become a botanist
You can get into this job through:
- a university course
You’ll usually need a degree in a subject like:
- environmental science
- plant biology
- plant science
You’ll also need a postgraduate qualification, like a master’s degree or PhD, for teaching or research posts.
You’ll usually need:
- 2 or 3 A levels, or equivalent, including biology for a degree
- a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study
- equivalent entry requirements
- student finance for fees and living costs
- university courses and entry requirements
Volunteering and experience
You can find out more about plant biology through the Royal Society of Biology.
What it takes
Skills and knowledge
- knowledge of biology
- maths knowledge
- complex problem-solving skills
- knowledge of teaching and the ability to design courses
- excellent verbal communication skills
- to be thorough and pay attention to detail
- analytical thinking skills
- ambition and a desire to succeed
- to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently
What you’ll do
You could specialise in:
- the study of specific plant groups
- plant anatomy and physiology
- molecular biology
- marine botany
- paleobotany – the study of fossilised plant remains
- taxonomy – the identification and classification of plants
Your work will vary depending on your role, but could include:
- identifying, classifying, recording and monitoring plant species and biodiversity
- ecological consultancy work, including surveys and environmental impact assessments
- managing a botanical collection
- searching for new species
- studying the effects of pollution on plant life
- identifying and purifying chemicals produced by plants for use in products like drugs, food, fabrics, solvents and building materials
- presenting research results in journals, books and at academic conferences
- training and supervising junior staff and volunteers
- teaching at a university
You could work at a university, at a research facility or in a laboratory.
Your working environment may be outdoors some of the time and you’ll travel often.
Career path and progression
With experience in industry, you could move into a more senior position. In field research and conservation, you’ll usually need to take on organisational, management or advisory responsibilities in order to progress.
You could move into plant science, investigating biodiversity, crop production and plant diseases.
You could also become a freelance consultant.