Farmer

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Farm manager

Farmers and farm managers grow crops and raise livestock for food production.

Salary Range: £20,000 to £50,000

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You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role
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You could take a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in:

  • agriculture
  • land management
  • farm business management
  • crop and livestock production

Courses and qualifications are available through agricultural colleges as well as universities.

Entry requirements

You’ll usually need:

  • 1 or 2 A levels, or equivalent, for a foundation degree or higher national diploma
  • 2 to 3 A levels, or equivalent, for a degree

More information

  • equivalent entry requirements
  • student finance for fees and living costs
  • university courses and entry requirements
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You could start your career in farming by doing a course at agricultural college like:

  • Level 2 Certificate in Land-based Activities
  • Level 3 Diploma in Agriculture

This would teach you some of the skills and knowledge needed in this job.

Entry requirements

You’ll usually need:

  • 2 or more GCSEs at grades 9 to 3 (A* to D), or equivalent, for a level 2 course
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, for a level 3 course
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You can work towards this role through an advanced apprenticeship in agriculture.

This will usually take 18 months to complete. You’ll do on-the-job training and spend time with a college or training provider.

You could do a higher apprenticeship in agricultural business management if you already have a lot of farming experience.

Entry requirements

You’ll usually need:

  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) and A levels, or equivalent, for a higher or degree apprenticeship
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You can get valuable experience and move into farm management by working as a supervisor, dairy or arable unit manager, or assistant manager.

You could also take qualifications on the job like the Level 4 Certificate in Work-based Agricultural Management.

More information

Further information

You can find more on farming careers from Tasty Careers and the National Land Based College.

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Skills and knowledge

You’ll need:

  • the ability to work well with others
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • physical skills like movement, coordination, dexterity and grace
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • thinking and reasoning skills
  • the ability to work on your own
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
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Day-to-day tasks

Your day-to-day tasks may include:

  • planning how the farm will run
  • setting budget and production targets
  • buying and selling animals or produce
  • keeping financial and stock records
  • recruiting, training and supervising staff

Working environment

You could work in an office or on a farm.

Your working environment may be outdoors in all weathers.

You may need to wear protective clothing.

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With experience, you could move into related areas, like agricultural advisory work for government bodies, consultancy or training.