Interpreters convert the spoken word from one language into another, either face-to-face or remotely.
Salary Range: Variable
You can get into this job through:
- a university course
- applying directly
- specialist courses run by a professional body
You can do a degree or postgraduate qualification in:
- interpreting studies
- languages and interpreting
- translation and interpreting
You’ll usually need:
- 2 to 3 A levels, or equivalent, for a degree
- a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study
Volunteering and experience
You can find voluntary or paid work through councils or other organisations offering community interpreting services.
A community interpreting qualification will help you get work in the community. Local colleges and some universities have more information on this.
You may be able to get into this job if you have a non-language degree, providing you’re fluent in English and a second language.
You can take a Chartered Institute of Linguists course like the Certificate in Bilingual Skills or the Diploma in Public Service Interpreting to help you to get a job in public service interpreting.
To be fluent, you should:
- be able to communicate quickly, smoothly and accurately
- know and understand informal speech, slang and regional differences
- understand the culture of the country or countries where the language is spoken
Professional and industry bodies
You can join an industry association to help with your professional development and to build up your network of contacts. Organisations include:
- Institute of Translation and Interpreting
- International Association of Conference Interpreters
- Chartered Institute of Linguists
- National Register of Public Service Interpreters
You can find out more about training and working as an interpreter from the Institute of Translation and Interpreting.
Skills and knowledge
- foreign language skills
- knowledge of English language
- to be thorough and pay attention to detail
- customer service skills
- patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
- the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
- the ability to work on your own
- to be flexible and open to change
- to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
In conference interpreting, you’ll be:
- working at national and international conferences, lectures and meetings
- sitting in a soundproof booth listening to the speaker through headphones
- interpreting speeches at the same time as the speaker and passing on the interpreted version through headsets
In consecutive interpreting, you’ll be:
- working at smaller business meetings with 2 or more people
- interpreting after each sentence or passage of speech
In public service interpreting, you’ll be:
- interpreting for people using legal, health and local government services
- checking their understanding after each sentence
- available at short notice for emergency medical or police interviews
You could work at a client’s business, at a conference centre, in an office, at a police station, in a court, in a prison or in an NHS or private hospital.
Your working environment may be emotionally demanding and you’ll travel often.
You could combine interpreting with translating or teaching. You could also move into the management of interpreting services in the public and private sector.